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Europeans reached the area in the 16th century. Following the war, segregation of blacks and whites prevailed throughout much of the South. In the midth century, Alabama was at the center of the American Civil Rights Movement and home to such pivotal events as the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present.


Out of this steamship enterprise and here in Mobile, came the company that launched the world wide containership industry including the construction of their first two container vessels here in Mobile note 5. By the end of English rule 17 years later inmuch of the property and plantations lay abandoned note 2 and Mobile was ruled by the British from Pensacola. Feore of Mobile started and built a shipping company comprised of 23 vessels, seven steel and iron hulled square rigged vessels as well as 16 other three masted lumber schooners and barkentines.

This company grew to have the largest of vessels sailing under the American Flag at the end of World War Two. Note 5. During this time Mobile received another infusion of French influence in by way of the arrival of the Napoleonic exiles that settled in and around Mobile. Note 4.

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It was a bulwark against Spanish incursions from Florida and English incursions from Georgia. These fleets began as three masted lumber schooners at the turn of the century, progressed to steel hulled square rigged vessels through the World War One period note 3 and continued with the largest fleet of steamships to sail under the US flag during WW II note 4.

Home Leisure Groups Why Mobile?

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Note 2. The City's decline was finally arrested by the beginning of the southern lumber boom in the late s followed by the modernization of the river system to support the export of steel and coal production in Birmingham and related harbor deepening and improvements at Mobile. What other place in the U. In addition to enriching institutions, such as the Mobile Carnival Museum and Mobile Medical Museum, a of historic homes on the Bay boast guided tours.

British rule was considered the most inept of the colonial period.

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Note 1. However, the French still valued Mobile. Note 3. A large part of the population therefore moved to now neutral and welcoming Spanish owned Louisiana rather than losing all of their possessions or risk becoming a traitor in the eyes of France.

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Along with the development of this fur trade, a trading language was developed. This transfer of control resulted with the British requiring all citizens of their newly acquired territories, as a requisite for owning property, to pledge allegiance to the King and Church of England. French, Spanish, British, Creole, Catholic, Greek and African legacies have influenced everything from architecture to cuisine, creating a miniature melting pot in the Port City.

According to Lloyds and the American Bureau of Shipping, no other southern ports could claim ownership of shipping fleets during this period. Inthe Scott Brothers started a fleet of 6 lumber schooners that lasted until about Many of their descendants remain here today.

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Here in Mobile, inthe first permanent church congregation, of any faith, was established in this vast Colony by the bishop of Quebec with the appointment of Father Henri de la Vente. Mobile continued to prosper under the French rule, but disaster struck in when the French lost the French and Indian War.

Mobile, along with all of the other French Territory east of the Mississippi was ceded to England. Spanish rule continued until when the town was captured by the United States under General Wilkinson. Adding to this prosperity was the birth of the first locally owned and operated shipping fleets in the South. The African American Heritage Trail shares Mobile's multicultural legacy by introducing visitors to over forty historic sites throughout the city.

Territorial period and early statehood

This congregation continues through today as the Cathedral Parish with records dating back to The early years of the settlement were accompanied by the establishment of a robust fur trade with the Indians that spread throughout the colony. The Mobile River System is the 2nd largest river system by volume of water wholly within the United States. As Presented By Michael P. Mobile is the oldest permanent settlement in the original Colony of French Louisiana and was its first capitol. The ravages of the Civil War, followed immediately by the Great Magazine Explosion, that destroyed close to half the commercial district shortly after the war, brought Mobile it's darkest hour.

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No matter where you turn, history is right around the corner. A look at Mobile from to Present Day Footnotes No matter where you turn, history is right around the corner.

These events coupled with opening of the rich river bottom and black belt farm lands for settlement and cultivation and the influx into Mobile of industrious merchants and tradesmen, mainly from new England, South Carolina and Europe created a dynamic mix that resulted in Mobile becoming the third largest seaport in the US for exports by the time of the Civil War and the third largest city in the south.

The French population east of New Orleans and centered mainly around Mobile found themselves in this predicament along with the Acadians of Evangeline fame.

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As the oldest city in Alabama, Mobile has a rich past spanning centuries. In a treaty was ratified completing the sale of Spanish Florida to the United States, thus removing any lingering European claims to Mobile. Additional localized exhibits include the "History of Colored Carnival" and an of the Clotilde, the last known illegal slave ship, which docked in Mobile Bay. The Mobile Carnival Museum boasts displays on Mardi Gras past, featuring everything from intricate costumes to depictions of early coronations. It was also a well established and populated port and trading center for the second largest river system in what is now the United States note 1.

At about the same time, the following profound changes were occurring that effected worldwide commerce: the industrial revolution was getting into full swing, invention of the cotton gin, introduction of steam power for river and rail transportation and steam driven lumber and textile mills. It was called Mobile Jargon and was used extensively until the mid s when the indian population was removed.

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The climb back to prosperity was slow and difficult. History buffs won't want to miss the impressive History Museum of Mobile. Mobile is also enjoying robust growth of it's more recent arrivals: aircraft production and repair and production of steel and steel products. In spite of the hardships experienced under British rule, the remaining French population in and around Mobile clung to their heritage with the French language finally passing out of use in the early s, more than years after the British attempts to stamp out or destroy the French culture.

The Spanish Governor Galvez in New Orleans captured Mobile in from the British during the Revolutionary War resulting in a more accommodating rule of the multi ethnic population, including the remaining French population.

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The first five governors of Louisiana resided in Mobile and governed an area twice the size of the thirteen English colonies extending from Canada to the Gulf and from the Appalachians to the Rockies. Mobile was now open as an American Port on the second largest river system in the country. Recent times have seen an economy that still enjoys healthy growth of its traditional businesses: shipping, port facilities, shipbuilding and repair, forest products, chemicals, oil and gas production and exploration, seafood industry and water oriented tourism and recreation.

The impetus from these shipping achievements is carried on even today with several international shipping and support firms still owned and operated out of Mobile.

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History As the oldest city in Alabama, Mobile has a rich past spanning centuries. This action was taken because of the unresolved issue surrounding the eastern boundary along the Gulf Coast of the Louisiana Purchase made ten years earlier and the heightened Creek Indian unrest and bloodshed in the area brought on in part by conflicts surrounding the War of and Spain's suspected duplicity with Britain and the Indians.

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The present-day state of Alabama was originally inhabited by various indigenous peoples.


A history of Western civilization from its origins in Greece and Rome through the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and Reformation, and the age of discovery and expansion during the emergence of modern Europe.


Mississippi Territory The early history of Alabama as a territory and a state was marked by an increasing of Americans migrating into the region that, with the United States' continual expansion westward, became known as the "Old Southwest.