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The burial goods from Lexden Tumulus and the earthworks of Bluebottle Grove in Essex provide tantalising glimpses of rich and powerful leaders in Iron Age Britain, and their strong links with the Roman world. The late 1st century BC is the earliest period for dating we age written sources for the history of Britain to supplement what we know from archaeology — a confluence that marks the end of prehistory. Together they hint at a complex world of power and intrigue. The earliest parts of the extensive system of massive linear banks and ditches of pre-Roman Colchester Camulodunumwhich include Bluebottle GroveGrove from this period. These and later earthworks enclose more than 12 square miles. These earthworks belong to a type of defended site known as oppidalikely to have been the strongholds of tribal elites, which appear during the 1st century BC — particularly across southern and eastern England.
Date Palm. Syrup, alcohol, vinegarand a strong liquor are derived from the fruit. See all media. Other types of dates, such as the medjool, are eaten as fresh produce and gradually shrink and wrinkle as they age. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
The fruit Grove been the staple food and chief source of wealth in the irrigable deserts of North Africa and the Middle East. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Male and female flowers are borne on separate plants.
Take the age. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Give Feedback External Websites. Its trunk furnishes timber; the midribs of the leaves supply material for crates and furniture; the leaflets, for basketry; the leaf bases, for fuel; the fruit stalks, for rope and fuel; the fibrefor cordage and packing material; and the seeds are sometimes ground and used as stock feed. All parts of the date palm yield products of economic value. Date palms Phoenix dactylifera in California. Palms begin to bear fruit in 4 to 5 years and reach full bearing dating 10 to 15 years, yielding 40 to 80 kg 90 to pounds or more each.
Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Dates have a long shelf life, and many varieties, including the common deglet noor, are often sold dried and processed. Additional Info. Introduction Physical description Uses. Subscribe Now.
Date market in Buraydah, Saudi Arabia. The sap is also used as a beverage, either fresh or fermented, but, because the method of extraction seriously injures the palm, only those trees that produce little fruit are used for sap. The date is a one-seeded fruit, or drupeusually oblong but varying much in shape, size, colour, quality, and consistency of flesh, according to the conditions of culture and the variety.
After 2, years, these seeds have finally sprouted
Palms are known to live as long as years, but their fruit production declines, and in commercial culture they are replaced at an earlier age. The date palm is grown as an ornamental tree along the Mediterranean shores of Europe, and its leaves are used for the celebration of Palm Sunday among Christians and for the celebration of Sukkoth Feast of Tabernacles among Jews.
When a palm is cut down, the tender terminal bud is eaten as a salad. Britannica Quiz. When offshoots are three to six years old and have formed roots of their own, they are removed and planted. History at your fingertips. Test your knowledge. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.
The date palm grows about 23 metres 75 feet tall. EgyptIranSaudi Arabiaand Iraq are the leading date-producing and date- exporting countries, although fruit from Algeria and Tunisia also is well known in Europe. Which drink is fermented with honey and water? Facebook Twitter. The tree is propagated either from seeds or from suckers, offshoots that arise chiefly near the base of the stem in the early years of the life of the palm. Spanish missionaries carried the tree to the New World in the 18th and early 19th centuries. Although a precise dating of those early records is lacking, a Babylonian business contract of the Hammurabi period c.
Its stem, strongly marked with the pruned stubs of old leaf bases, terminates in a crown of graceful, shining, pinnate leaves about 5 metres 16 feet long.
up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! Table Of Contents. Floral spikes branch from the axils of leaves that emerged the year. Under cultivation the female flowers are artificially pollinated. California is the major American producer.
More than 1, dates may appear on a single bunch weighing 8 kg 18 pounds or more. Full Article. Offshoots are used for commercial plantings. Palms also supply wood for building and for making water-well frames and pulley shafts of ancient type; their fronds are used for…. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.
External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires. Key People: Prospero Alpini Show more Related Topics: Phoenix Date Show more.
The date palm has been prized from remotest antiquity and may have originated in what is now Iraq. Which fermented fish sauce was a favorite in ancient Rome? Print print Print. address. Date palmPhoenix dactyliferatree of the palm family Arecaceae cultivated for its sweet edible fruits.
The dried fruit is more than 50 percent sugar by weight and contains about 2 percent each of proteinfatand mineral matter. Date palm. Date palm s, of which there are numerous varieties, are grown in many oases, with the dates themselves providing food for humans and livestock.